Samba originated in Brazil and was closely linked to festivals and carnivals.
There are two main forms of Samba, one danced solo and one danced with a partner.
The Ballroom Samba (danced with a partner) began as an exhibition dance in Paris in the early 1900's, became popular in England and Europe in the 1930's and was made famous in the US in the early 1940's by the actress Carmen Miranda in one of her movies.
The Ballroom Samba has a distinct appearance with its characteristic vertical bounce and pendulum body motion.
It can be danced at medium to fast tempos and is particularly suited to the unusual rhythms found in a variety of Spanish, African, South American and Reggae music.
It can be adapted to a lot of modern pop music.
The samba can be danced as a spot dance on smaller and crowded dance floors or can be used to travel around larger dance floors.
Samba can also easily be used as a much less raunchy dance alternative for Lambada music as the basic rhythms the same in most cases.